The list of Nobel Prize winners for 2022 is out
French author Annie Ernaux, known for her deceptively simple novels drawing on personal experiences of class and gender, has been announced as the winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature for 2022.
Ernaux was honored “for the courage and clinical acumen with which she discovers the roots, the remoteness and the collective constraints of personal memory”, said the jury of the Swedish Academy in Stockholm.
His books, many of which have been school texts in France for decades, offer one of the most subtle and insightful windows into the social life of modern France.
The prize is endowed with a scholarship of 10 million SEK (nearly 900,000 USD), which will be awarded on December 10. The money comes from a bequest left by the prize’s creator, Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel, in 1895.
Last year’s literature prize went to Tanzanian-born, UK-based writer Abdulrazak Gurnah, whose novels explore the impact of migration on individuals and societies.
The 2022 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded jointly to human rights defender Ales Bialiatski from Belarus, the Russian human rights organization Memorial and the Ukrainian human rights organization Center for Civil Liberties, announced the Norwegian Nobel Committee last week.
The winners represent civil society in their home countries, the committee said: “They have for many years promoted the right to criticize power and protect the fundamental rights of citizens. They have made a remarkable effort to document war crimes, human rights violations and abuses of power. Together they demonstrate the importance of civil society for peace and democracy,” he said on the Nobel website.
Since the winners are from Belarus, Ukraine and Russia, an implicit message was sent about the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine. “The Norwegian Nobel Committee wishes to honor three outstanding defenders of human rights, democracy and peaceful coexistence in neighboring countries Belarus, Russia and Ukraine,” the committee said.
The Guardian reported that Berit Reiss-Andersen, the head of the Nobel committee, answered a question about whether the prize was “a fitting birthday president” for Vladimir Putin on the occasion of the Russian president’s 70th birthday, which falls on October 7. She said the award is not for him, and that “you always give an award for something and for someone and not against anyone”.
Alain Aspect, John F Clauser and Anton Zeilinger received the Nobel Prize in Physics “for experiments with entangled photons, establishing the violation of Bell’s inequalities and pioneering quantum information science”. Carolyn R. Bertozzi, Morten Meldal and K. Barry Sharpless won the 2022 Nobel Prize in Chemistry “for the development of click chemistry and bioorthogonal chemistry”.
The 2022 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to Svante Pääbo “for his discoveries concerning extinct hominin genomes and human evolution”.
Between 1901 and 2021, the Nobel Prizes and the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in memory of Alfred Nobel have been awarded 609 times to 975 individuals and organisations. Some having received the Nobel Prize more than once, that makes a total of 943 individuals and 25 organisations.